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APN Legislative Round-Up - July 17, 2009

1. New Bills and Resolutions; 2. Senate Defense Authorization; 3. Senate ForOps

1.  NEW BILLS AND RESOLUTIONS
 
(UN) HR 3231: Introduced by Rep. Ros-Lehtinen and 31 cosponsors, "To refund United States taxpayer dollars expended on the Durban Review Conference, and for other purposes."  Referred to the House Committee on Foreign Affairs.
 
(IRAN Sanctions) H. Res. 460: Introduced 5/20/09 by Rep. Burton (R-IN) and no cosponsors, "Providing for consideration of the bill (H.R. 2194) to amend the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 to enhance United States diplomatic efforts with respect to Iran by expanding economic sanctions against Iran."  On 7/15/2009 Rep. Burton filed a Motion to Discharge Committee (Petition No: 111-4).
 
2.  SENATE DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION
 
This week the Senate debated S. 1390, the FY10 Defense Authorization bill.  A number of Iran-related amendment were introduced (none of which have been considered as of this writing).
 
(REPORT ON MILITARY POWER OF IRAN) S. Amdt.1489:  Submitted 7/13/09 by Sens. Brownback (R-KS) and Inhofe (R-OK), to require an annual report "on the current and future military strategy of the Islamic Republic of Iran. The report shall address the current and probable future course of military developments on the Army, Air Force, Navy, and Revolutionary Guard Corps of the Government of Iran, and the tenets and probable development of the grand strategy, security strategy, military strategy, and military organizations and operational concepts of the Government of Iran..."  The amendment lays out in detail the matters to be included in the report.
 
(REPORT ON CUBA AND CUBA'S RELATIONS WITH OTHER COUNTRIES) S. Amdt.1535: Submitted 7/14/09 by Sen. Martinez (R-FL), to require a report by the Director of National Intelligence on, among other things, "The cooperative agreements and relationships that Cuba has with Iran, North Korea, and other states suspected of nuclear proliferation."
 
(REPORT ON VENEZUELA)  S. Amdt.1536: Submitted 7/14/09 by Sen. Martinez (R-FL), to require a report by the Director of National Intelligence on, among other things, "The mining and shipping of Venezuelan uranium to Iran, North Korea, and other states suspected of nuclear proliferation," and "the extent to which Hugo Chavez and other Venezuelan officials provide funding, logistical and political support to the Islamist terrorist organization Hezbollah."
 
(REPORT ON ELECTRONIC SURVEILLANCE CAPABILITIES OF THE GOVERNMENT OF IRAN) S. Amdt.1575: Submitted 7/16/09 by Sen. Johanns (R-NE) and Bond (R-MO), to require a report to congress "on the domestic electronic surveillance capabilities of the Government of Iran that includes-- (1) an identification of the five persons that supply the most electronic surveillance equipment to the Government of Iran and the location of any global headquarters of each such person;  (2) an estimate of the value of the sales of such equipment by each such person in the year preceding the submittal of the report; (3) an estimate of the annual value of such sales during previous years; (4) a description of any actions taken by the United States to discourage such sales; and  (5) an identification of any contracts entered into with such persons by the Federal Government."
 
(SENSE OF THE SENATE ON REDESIGNATION OF NORTH KOREA AS A STATE SPONSOR OF TERRORISM) S. Amdt 1597:  Submitted 7/16/09 by. Sens. Brownback (R-KS) and Bayh (D-IN), finding (among other things) that "North Korea has failed to acknowledge or account for its role in building and supplying the secret nuclear facility at Al Kibar, Syria, has failed to account for all remaining citizens of Japan abducted by North Korea, and, according to recent reports, continues to engage in close cooperation with the terrorist Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps on ballistic missile technology," "There have been recent credible reports that North Korea has provided support to the terrorist group Hezbollah, including by providing ballistic missile components and personnel to train members of Hezbollah with respect to the development of extensive underground military facilities in southern Lebanon, including tunnels and bunkers," and "The 2005 and 2006 Country Reports on Terrorism of the Department of State state, with respect to Cuba, Iran, North Korea, and Syria, 'Most worrisome is that some of these countries also have the capability to manufacture WMD and other destabilizing technologies that can get into the hands of terrorists. The United States will continue to insist that these countries end the support they give to terrorist groups.'"
 
(REPORT ON INVESTMENT IN IRAN'S ENERGY SECTOR) S. Amdt. 1609: Submitted 7/16/09 by Sen. Kyl (R-AZ),  to add to reporting requirements (already in the bill) "a list of all investments in the energy sector of Iran and assessment of whether any person making such an investment is transacting any economic activity in the United States, including with the United States Government."
 
3. SENATE FOROPS
 
As noted in last week's Round-Up, on 7/9/09 the Senate Appropriations Committee marked up and reported out of committee S. 1434, the Senate version of the FY10 State and Foreign Operations Appropriations bill.  Middle East-related elements of the bill (bill text and report language) are detailed below (please note that the Senate version is arranged differently than the House version).  Full details of the House version of the bill were included in the 6/26/09 edition of the Round-Up. 
 
TITLE I - DEPARTMENT OF STATE AND RELATED AGENCY
 
INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING OPERATIONS
 
Report language:  "The Committee recommends $717,828,000 for International Broadcasting Operations, which is $14,359,000 below the request, for the operating and engineering costs of VOA, OCB, RFE/RL, RFA, MBN, and the BBG." The accompanying funding table list a committee recommendation of $112,641,000 for Middle East Broadcasting Networks, $936,000 less than the President's request.
 
"Internet Programs.--The Committee recommends that in the interest of improving relations between the United States and the Arab world, and leveraging emergent global online social media networks, the Department of State should support efforts which seek to increase cross-language (human and machine assisted translation) social networking focused on Internet-based social media sharing (text, voice, and video), and collaborative media and educational projects which use the Internet to bring together Arabic and English journalists and educators."
 
"Iranian Access- The Committee recommends up to $8,000,000, which includes up to $1,494,000 above the budget request, for Radio Farda for activities to support transmission enhancements, including through additional satellite channels, if feasible, and increased proxy capacity, to improve the Iranian public's access to broadcasts. These activities should be coordinated with other activities supported by the Department of State to increase communication and information directed to audiences inside Iran."
 
RELATED PROGRAMS
 
Center for Middle Eastern-western Dialogue Trust Fund
 
Bill text: "For necessary expenses of the Center for Middle Eastern-Western Dialogue Trust Fund, the total amount of the interest and earnings accruing to such Fund on or before September 30, 2010, to remain available until expended."
 
Report language: "The Committee recommends $875,000 from interest and earnings from the Center for Middle Eastern-Western Dialogue Trust Fund for programs, scholarship, and conflict resolution to encourage mutual understanding, and to support civil society and democratic institutions as authorized by 22 U.S.C. 2078."
 
Israeli Arab Scholarship Program
 
Bill text: "For necessary expenses of the Israeli Arab Scholarship Program as authorized by section 214 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (22 U.S.C. 2452), all interest and earnings accruing to the Israeli Arab Scholarship Fund on or before September 30, 2010, to remain available until expended."
 
Report language:  "The Committee recommends $375,000 from interest and earnings from the Israeli Arab Scholarship Endowment Fund, authorized by section 214 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, fiscal years 1992 and 1993 (22 U.S.C. 2452), to increase educational opportunities for Israeli Arab students to study and conduct research in the United States."
 
National Endowment for Democracy
 
Report language:  "The Committee recommends $120,000,000 for the National Endowment for Democracy, which is $20,000,000 above the budget request."  The accompanying funding table recommends $15,420,000 for NED Middle East/North Africa programs, as requested by the President.
 
TITLE II - UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
 
DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE
 
Report language:  The DA table included in the report lists a committee recommendation of $35 million in DA for Yemen, consistent with the President's request.
 
PROGRAMS
 
Report language: "American Schools and Hospitals Abroad Program- The Committee continues to recognize the contributions to U.S. foreign policy by institutions funded by the ASHA program...The Committee recommends USAID consider proposals from the following organizations, among others: American Community School, Lebanon; American University of Beirut; American University in Kosovo; Ashdod Emergency Medical Center; EARTH University in Costa Rica; Edith Wolfson Medical Center; Feinberg Graduate School of the Weizmann Institute of Science; Hadassah Medical Organization; Hebrew University; Johns Hopkins University's Centers in Nanjing, China and Bologna, Italy; Kigali Medical University Foundation; Lebanese American University; Robert College; Rosary Sisters Hospital in Jordan; Tel Aviv University; and Uganda Program on Cancer and Infectious Diseases."
 
GLOBAL PROGRAMS
 
Report language: "Partner Vetting- The Committee supports effective vetting procedures to prevent U.S. foreign assistance funds from supporting individuals or organizations involved in terrorism. Such procedures are being implemented in the West Bank and Gaza. The Committee is concerned that USAID plans to put into effect a new PVS which, as currently proposed, could have unintended, adverse consequences for assistance programs implemented by NGOs and contractors. In order to ensure a new PVS reflects the right balance between security, privacy and effective implementation of assistance programs, the Committee requires a new USAID Administrator to conduct a review of PVS and consult with affected organizations and Congress."
 
PROPOSALS
 
Report language: "The Committee is aware of proposals from the following organizations, which shall be considered in full and open competition, and in accordance with all applicable rules and regulations:  International Arid Lands Consortium- To address water, agricultural, and energy issues in the Middle East and Central Asia.... Seeds of Peace- To promote reconciliation and conflict resolution..."
 
TITLE III - BILATERAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE
 
Report language: The ESF table included in the report lays out recommended ESF allocations for the Near East as follows:
 
Egypt:  $250 million (same as request)
Iraq: $375 million ($40.7 million below request)
Marla Ruzicka Fund: $5 million ($5 million above request)
Jordan: $363 million (same as request)
Lebanon: $109 million (same as request)
MERC: $5 million ($2 million above request)
Near East Regional Democracy: $40 million (same as request)
Tunisia: $2 million ($2 million above request)
West Bank & Gaza: $400.4 million (same as request)
Yemen: $10 million ($10 million above request)
TSTCP: $6 million (same as request), (Trans-Sahara Counter-terrorism Partnership)
 
Iraq:  "The Committee recommends $5,000,000 for continued support for the Marla Ruzicka Iraqi War Victims Fund, which assists families and communities that suffer losses resulting from the military operations. As U.S. and coalition forces withdraw from Iraq, the Committee directs USAID to pursue options for future Iraqi management and support of this program to assist innocent victims, either through Iraqi NGOs or the government. The Committee supports the $90,000,000 budget request for democracy, human rights, and women's programs in Iraq.  The Committee recommends not more than $50,000,000 for USAID's Ministerial Capacity Development program, which is $35,000,000 below the budget request, and believes that the Government of Iraq should support such training and development programs in the future."
 
Lebanon:  "The Committee provides $109,000,000 for assistance for Lebanon, of which not less than $10,000,000 is for scholarships for students in Lebanon with high financial need, including at American educational institutions. These funds are to be awarded through an open and competitive process. The Committee continues to support the work of the U.S. Forest Service in forest and wildlife conservation in Lebanon, and recommends $500,000 for these activities."
 
Tunisia:  "The Committee recommends $2,000,000 for assistance for Tunisia, which is $2,000,000 above the budget request, for programs and activities in southern Tunisia, and to promote respect for human rights."
 
West Bank/Gaza:  "The Committee continues current law restrictions on assistance for the West Bank and Gaza, as contained in Public Law 111-8 and Public Law 111-32."
 
Middle East Partnership Initiative:  "The Committee recommends funds to continue regional programs traditionally managed by MEPI, of which $8,000,000 should be used to continue a scholarship program to educate students from countries with significant Muslim populations, including at American educational institutions in those countries. These funds are to be awarded through an open and competitive process. The Secretary of State is directed to report to the Committee on coordination with other offices responsible for funding similar programs."
 
Middle East Regional Cooperation Program: "The Committee recommends $5,000,000 for continued support for the MERC."
 
Near East Regional Democracy:  "The Committee recommends not less than $30,000,000 to expand access to information and communications through the Internet, to be awarded on an open and competitive basis that includes proof of actual performance in delivering access to large numbers of users living in closed societies that have hostile Internet environments. The Committee further expects that awards of the funds will be based on a showing that the applicant will, within 1 year of the date of the award, be able to generate sufficient capacity to provide Internet access to tens of millions of closed society residents in acutely hostile Internet environments. The Committee also notes the importance of the applicant's system being able to withstand countermeasures from closed society regimes.
 
Reconciliation Programs:  "The Committee recommends $25,000,000 for reconciliation programs and activities which bring together and facilitate direct communication between individuals of different ethnic, religious and political backgrounds in countries affected by civil strife and war, of which $9,000,000 is for such programs and activities in the Middle East. This global program seeks to promote understanding, mutual respect and reconciliation through the active participation, dialogue and problem solving of members of opposing groups.
 
PROPOSALS:  "The Committee is aware of proposals from the following organizations, which shall be considered in full and open competition, and in accordance with all applicable rules and regulations: [list includes - Arava Institute for Environmental Studies- To support reconciliation between parties in the Middle East through programs focused on solving regional environmental problems. Shaare Zedek- To fund research on breast and ovarian cancer among women in the Middle East. Street Law- To provide law, human rights, and democracy training in predominantly Muslim countries.]
 
nonproliferation, anti-terrorism, demining and related programs
 
Bill text:  "... funds appropriated under this heading may be made available for the International Atomic Energy Agency unless the Secretary of State determines that Israel is being denied its right to participate in the activities of that Agency..."
 
INTERNATIONAL NARCOTICS CONTROL AND LAW ENFORCEMENT
 
Report language:  The funding table included in the report lays out Committee recommendations for INCLE funding in the Near East as follows:
 
Egypt: $1 million (same as request)
Jordan: $1.5 million (same as request)
Lebanon: $20 million (same as request)
West Bank/Gaza: $100 million (same as request)
 
The report notes that: "The Committee recommends $100,000,000 to continue training and equipping (non-lethal) of the National Security Forces associated with the Palestinian Authority."
 
MIGRATION AND REFUGEE ASSISTANCE
 
Bill text:  "...That of the funds appropriated under this heading, $25,000,000 shall be made available for refugees resettling in Israel: Provided further, That none of the funds made available pursuant to the previous proviso may be made available for assistance for any refugee who resides in any Israeli settlement or outpost in the West Bank."
 
Report language:  Migrants to Israel - The Committee recommends $25,000,000 for migrants to Israel, the amount requested, to be awarded through an open and competitive process. According to the Department of State, the number of migrants to Israel has declined from approximately 184,000 in 1990 to 7,300 in 2008. No funds may be used to support migrants who reside in settlements or outposts in the West Bank. The Committee supports assistance consistent with the conditions that have applied to the program since its inception in 1973 that all funds be spent in Israel.
 
MILLENNIUM CHALLENGE CORPORATION
 
Report language:  The Committee expects the MCC to support new compacts currently under development with Jordan, Malawi and the Philippines with fiscal year 2010 funding, if eligibility criteria are met.
 
TITLE IV - INTERNATIONAL SECURITY ASSISTANCE
 
PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS
 
Report language:  MFO- The Committee recommends $26,000,000 for a U.S. contribution to the Multinational Force and Observers mission in the Sinai, which is equal to the budget request.
FOREIGN MILITARY FINANCING PROGRAM
 
Report language:  "The Committee notes that of the $1,225,000,000 in FMF assistance provided in Public Law 111-32 for programs and activities requested for fiscal year 2010, $555,000,000 is for assistance for Israel, $260,000,000 is for assistance for Egypt, $150,000,000 is for assistance for Jordan..." [this was "forward funding" in the FY09 Supplemental].  The funding table included in the report lays out Committee FMF recommendations for the Near East as follows:
 
Bahrain: $19.5 million ($.5 million below request)
Egypt: $1.040 billion (when added to the $260 million in forward funding, same as request)
Israel: $2.22 billion (when added to the $555 million in forward funding, same as request)
Jordan: $150 million (when added to the $150 million in forward funding, same as request)
Lebanon $100 million (same as request)
Tunisia  $15 million (same as request)
Yemen  $15 million ($5 million above request)
 
Other Report language on FMF
 
Human Rights Vetting:  "The Committee supports the Department of State's efforts to monitor the use of U.S. military training and equipment provided to foreign security forces, but is concerned that the vetting process is uneven among U.S. Embassies and falls short in some countries where the military or police have a history of human rights violations. The Committee also notes that the budget request includes FMF assistance for eight countries in Africa that have not received FMF in recent years. The Committee recommends transfer of not less than $2,000,000 to DRL for training and other personnel resources to strengthen the vetting process, which continues an initiative begun in fiscal year 2008."
 
TITLE VII - General Provisions
 
Sec. 7007: Prohibition Against Direct Funding for Certain Countries (Bill text) 
Perennial bill language banning aid to Cuba, North Korea, Iran, and Syria, extending to loans, credits, insurance, and guarantees of the Export-Import Bank or its agents.
 
Sec. 7013:  Prohibition on Taxation of United States Assistance (Bill text) 
Perennial provision barring taxation of United States assistance. While this provision appears generic (applying to all countries/entities receiving US aid) the only country/entity explicitly identified is the West Bank and Gaza. This reflects the genesis of the provision - the allegation in a previous year that the Palestinian Authority (PA) was taxing U.S. assistance provided to NGOs, thereby indirectly benefiting from US assistance designed specifically to bypass the PA.
 
Sec. 7034 special authorities (Bill text) 
(k) Democracy Promotion- (4) With respect to the provision of assistance for democracy, human rights and governance activities in this Act, the organizations implementing such assistance and the specific nature of that assistance shall not be subject to the prior approval by the government of any foreign country. [Aimed mainly at Egypt.]
(m) Partner Vetting- No further action to finalize or implement a Partner Vetting System (PVS) shall be taken by the Secretary of State or the Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) until a new USAID Administrator has been confirmed and has undertaken a comprehensive review of the scope, methodology and effect of PVS, including consultation with affected organizations, the Committees on Appropriations and Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committees on Appropriations and Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives. [Possible linkage to West Bank/Gaza program, given intense focus on vetting with respect to that aid]
 
Sec. 7035 NEAR EAST
(Note: in the House version the details included in this section are spread throughout the bill text, under the relevant Title/subject heading)
 
(a) Bahrain
 
Bill text, FMF:  "Of the funds appropriated by this Act under the heading `Foreign Military Financing Program', not less than $19,000,000 shall be made available for assistance for Bahrain."
 
(b) Egypt
 
Bill text, FMF:  "Of the funds appropriated by this Act under the heading `Foreign Military Financing Program', not less than $1,040,000,000 shall be made available for grants only for Egypt, including for border security programs and activities in the Sinai: Provided, That the funds appropriated under this heading estimated to be outlayed for Egypt during fiscal year 2010 shall be transferred to an interest bearing account for Egypt in the Federal Reserve Bank of New York within 30 days of enactment of this Act."
 
Bill text, ESF:  "Of the funds appropriated by this Act under the heading `Economic Support Fund', not less than $250,000,000 shall be made available for assistance for Egypt, which sum shall be provided on a grant basis, and of which sum cash transfer assistance shall be provided with the understanding that Egypt will undertake significant economic and democratic reforms which are additional to those which were undertaken in previous fiscal years: Provided, That not less than $25,000,000 of such funds shall be made available for democracy, human rights and governance programs, and not less than $35,000,000 shall be made available for education programs, of which not less than $10,000,000 is for scholarships for Egyptian students with high financial need."
 
Bill text, Additional Funds:  "Of the funds appropriated by this Act and prior Acts making appropriations for the Department of State, foreign operations and related programs, up to $200,000,000 may be made available for an endowment to further the shared interests of the United States and Egypt: Provided, That the Secretary of State shall consult with the Committees on Appropriations on the establishment of such an endowment."
 
Report language:  "The Committee recommends $1,295,200,000 for assistance for Egypt, which, when combined with funding appropriated in Public Law 111-32 to meet fiscal year 2010 requirements, equals the budget request. An additional $50,000,000 was also included in Public Law 111-32 under the ESF heading.  The Committee notes the importance of Egypt to United States security interests in the region, especially regarding peace between Israelis and Palestinians. The Committee encourages continued partnership on mutual concerns, particularly economic and political reforms, human rights, and counterterrorism. The Committee includes language providing for an endowment that could serve as a lasting source of support for this bilateral relationship."
 
(c) Iraq and Iraq-related Middle East funding
 
Bill text, ESF and INCLE:  "Of the funds appropriated by this Act under the headings `Economic Support Fund' and `International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement', not less than $427,000,000 shall be made available for assistance for Iraq.
 
Bill text, Terms and Conditions:  "The terms and conditions of section 1106(a) and (b) of Public Law 111-32 shall apply to assistance for Iraq in fiscal year 2010."
 
Bill text, FMF:  "Funds appropriated by this Act under the heading `Foreign Military Financing Program' may be made available for countries in the Middle East region, in addition to amounts otherwise made available, to address urgent border security requirements arising from instability in Iraq if the Secretary certifies to the Committees on Appropriations that it is important to the national security of the United States to do so, and subject to the regular notification procedures of the Committees on Appropriations."
 
Report language:  "The Committee recommends $459,300,000 for assistance for Iraq in title III of this act, which is $40,700,000 below the budget request.  The near-term challenges for Iraq are significant, and include the need to maintain security and stability during a period of reduction of U.S. Armed Forces, and to conduct credible and competitive national elections. Responsible and visionary Iraqi leadership is essential in furthering the development of a peaceful and stable country in which citizens can live without violence and fear. The Committee provides authority to the Secretary of State to make available additional FMF assistance for border security for countries in the Middle East region, such as Jordan, should the situation in Iraq deteriorate significantly."
 
(d) Israel
 
Bill text, FMF:  "Of the funds appropriated by this Act under the heading `Foreign Military Financing Program', not less than $2,220,000,000 shall be available for grants only for Israel and shall be disbursed within 30 days of the enactment of this Act: Provided, That to the extent that the Government of Israel requests that funds be used for such purposes, grants made available for Israel by this paragraph shall, as agreed by the United States and Israel, be available for advanced weapons systems, of which not less than $583,860,000 shall be available for the procurement in Israel of defense articles and defense services, including research and development."
 
Report language:  "The Committee recommends $2,220,000,000 for assistance for Israel, which when combined with funding appropriated in Public Law 111-32 to meet fiscal year 2010 requirements, equals the budget request. The Committee continues to recognize the important relationship between the United States and Israel, and of United States leadership in helping to resolve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict."
 
(e) Jordan
 
Bill text, ESF:  "Of the funds appropriated by this Act under the heading `Economic Support Fund', not less than $363,000,000 shall be made available for assistance for Jordan."
 
Bill text, FMF:  "Of the funds appropriated by this Act under the heading `Foreign Military Financing Program', not less than $150,000,000 shall be made available for assistance for Jordan.
 
Report language:  "The Committee recommends $542,950,000 for assistance for Jordan, a key U.S. ally in a troubled region, from all accounts in this act, which when combined with funding appropriated in Public Law 111-32 to meet fiscal year 2010 requirements, equals the budget request."
 
(f) Lebanon
 
Bill text, ESF:  "Of the Funds appropriated by this Act under the heading `Economic Support Fund', not less than $109,000,000 shall be made available for assistance for Lebanon, of which not less than $10,000,000 shall be made available for educational scholarships for students in Lebanon with high financial need."
 
Bill text, FMF:  "Of the funds appropriated by this Act under the heading `Foreign Military Financing Program', not less than $100,000,000 shall be made available for assistance for Lebanon."
 
(g) Middle East Peace
 
Bill text:  "Funds appropriated by this Act should be made available in a manner to further peace in the Middle East between Israelis and Palestinians."
 
(h) Near East Regional Democracy
 
Bill text: "Of the funds appropriated by this Act that are made available for Near East Regional Democracy, not less than $30,000,000 shall be made available to expand access to information and communications through the Internet, and shall be used for scalable, field tested programs that provide unmonitored and uncensored access to the Internet, including access to real time, inter-active modes of communication, for large numbers of users living in closed societies that have acutely hostile Internet environments."
 
(i) West Bank and Gaza
 
Bill text, ESF:  "Of the funds appropriated by this Act under the heading `Economic Support Fund', not less than $400,400,000 may be made available for assistance for the West Bank and Gaza, of which not to exceed $2,000,000 may be made available for administrative expenses of the United States Agency for International Development, in addition to funds otherwise made available for such purposes."
 
Bill text, INCLE:  "Of the funds appropriated by this Act under the heading `International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement', not less than $100,000,000 shall be made available for the West Bank.
 
Bill text, Terms and Conditions:  "The terms and conditions of sections 7035, 7036, 7037, 7038, 7039, and 7040 of Public Law 111-8, and section 1107 of Public Law 111-32, shall apply to assistance appropriated by this Act."

Iran
 
Report language:  "The Committee recommends $40,000,000 under the ESF heading for programs and activities to support reforms in Iran, and to counter Iranian influence throughout the Middle East region.  The Committee underscores its support for the aspirations of the people of Iran for representative governance, and notes the growing illegitimacy of the ruling clerics and incumbent officials in Iran and abroad."
 
Sec. 7065: reconciliation programs (bill text)
Stipulates that $25 million in funds from DA and ESF "shall be made available for reconciliation programs which bring together and facilitate direct communication between individuals of different ethnic, religious and political backgrounds from areas of civil strife and war, of which $9,000,000 shall be made available for such programs in the Middle East..."
 
Sec. 7073: independent states of the former soviet union (bill text)
This provision directs that a portion of U.S. assistance for the Government of the Russian Federation be withheld until the President certifies that, among other things, Russian government has "terminated implementation of arrangements to provide Iran with technical expertise, training, technology, or equipment necessary to develop a nuclear reactor, related nuclear research facilities or programs, or ballistic missile capability..."
 
Sec. 7084: commercial leasing of defense articles (bill text)
Perennial provision permits financing to be provided to Israel, Egypt and NATO and major non-NATO allies for the procurement by leasing (including leasing with an option to purchase) of defense articles from United States commercial suppliers, if the President determines that there are compelling foreign policy or national security reasons for those defense articles being provided by commercial lease rather than by government-to-government sale.