1. New Bills and Resolutions; 2. Senate Defense Authorization; 3. Senate ForOps
(UN) HR 3231: Introduced by Rep. Ros-Lehtinen and 31 cosponsors, "To refund
2. SENATE DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION
This week the Senate debated S. 1390, the FY10 Defense Authorization bill. A number of Iran-related amendment were introduced (none of which have been considered as of this writing).
(REPORT ON MILITARY POWER OF
(REPORT ON ELECTRONIC SURVEILLANCE CAPABILITIES OF THE GOVERNMENT OF
(SENSE OF THE SENATE ON REDESIGNATION OF NORTH
(REPORT ON INVESTMENT IN
3. SENATE FOROPS
As noted in last week's Round-Up, on
TITLE I - DEPARTMENT OF STATE
INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING OPERATIONS
Report language: "The Committee recommends $717,828,000 for International Broadcasting Operations, which is $14,359,000 below the request, for the operating and engineering costs of VOA, OCB, RFE/RL, RFA, MBN, and the BBG." The accompanying funding table list a committee recommendation of $112,641,000 for Middle East Broadcasting Networks, $936,000 less than the President's request.
"Internet Programs.--The Committee recommends that in the interest of improving relations between the United States and the Arab world, and leveraging emergent global online social media networks, the Department of State should support efforts which seek to increase cross-language (human and machine assisted translation) social networking focused on Internet-based social media sharing (text, voice, and video), and collaborative media and educational projects which use the Internet to bring together Arabic and English journalists and educators."
"Iranian Access- The Committee recommends up to $8,000,000, which includes up to $1,494,000 above the budget request, for Radio Farda for activities to support transmission enhancements, including through additional satellite channels, if feasible, and increased proxy capacity, to improve the Iranian public's access to broadcasts. These activities should be coordinated with other activities supported by the Department of State to increase communication and information directed to audiences inside
Center for Middle Eastern-western Dialogue Trust Fund
Bill text: "For necessary expenses of the Center for Middle Eastern-Western Dialogue Trust Fund, the total amount of the interest and earnings accruing to such Fund on or before
Report language: "The Committee recommends $875,000 from interest and earnings from the Center for Middle Eastern-Western Dialogue Trust Fund for programs, scholarship, and conflict resolution to encourage mutual understanding, and to support civil society and democratic institutions as authorized by 22 U.S.C. 2078."
Israeli Arab Scholarship Program
Bill text: "For necessary expenses of the Israeli Arab Scholarship Program as authorized by section 214 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (22 U.S.C. 2452), all interest and earnings accruing to the Israeli Arab Scholarship Fund on or before
Report language: "The Committee recommends $375,000 from interest and earnings from the Israeli Arab Scholarship Endowment Fund, authorized by section 214 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, fiscal years 1992 and 1993 (22 U.S.C. 2452), to increase educational opportunities for Israeli Arab students to study and conduct research in the United States."
National Endowment for Democracy
Report language: "The Committee recommends $120,000,000 for the National Endowment for Democracy, which is $20,000,000 above the budget request." The accompanying funding table recommends $15,420,000 for NED Middle East/North Africa programs, as requested by the President.
TITLE II - UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
Report language: The DA table included in the report lists a committee recommendation of $35 million in DA for
Report language: "American Schools and Hospitals Abroad Program- The Committee continues to recognize the contributions to U.S. foreign policy by institutions funded by the ASHA program...The Committee recommends USAID consider proposals from the following organizations, among others: American Community School, Lebanon; American University of Beirut; American University in Kosovo; Ashdod Emergency Medical Center; EARTH University in Costa Rica; Edith Wolfson Medical Center; Feinberg Graduate School of the Weizmann Institute of Science; Hadassah Medical Organization; Hebrew University; Johns Hopkins University's Centers in Nanjing, China and Bologna, Italy; Kigali Medical University Foundation; Lebanese American University; Robert College; Rosary Sisters Hospital in Jordan; Tel Aviv University; and Uganda Program on Cancer and Infectious Diseases."
Report language: "Partner Vetting- The Committee supports effective vetting procedures to prevent
Report language: "The Committee is aware of proposals from the following organizations, which shall be considered in full and open competition, and in accordance with all applicable rules and regulations: International Arid Lands Consortium- To address water, agricultural, and energy issues in the Middle East and Central Asia.... Seeds of Peace- To promote reconciliation and conflict resolution..."
Report language: The
Marla Ruzicka Fund: $5 million ($5 million above request)
MERC: $5 million ($2 million above request)
Near East Regional Democracy: $40 million (same as request)
West Bank & Gaza: $400.4 million (same as request)
TSTCP: $6 million (same as request), (Trans-Sahara Counter-terrorism Partnership)
West Bank/Gaza: "The Committee continues current law restrictions on assistance for the
Near East Regional Democracy: "The Committee recommends not less than $30,000,000 to expand access to information and communications through the Internet, to be awarded on an open and competitive basis that includes proof of actual performance in delivering access to large numbers of users living in closed societies that have hostile Internet environments. The Committee further expects that awards of the funds will be based on a showing that the applicant will, within 1 year of the date of the award, be able to generate sufficient capacity to provide Internet access to tens of millions of closed society residents in acutely hostile Internet environments. The Committee also notes the importance of the applicant's system being able to withstand countermeasures from closed society regimes.
Reconciliation Programs: "The Committee recommends $25,000,000 for reconciliation programs and activities which bring together and facilitate direct communication between individuals of different ethnic, religious and political backgrounds in countries affected by civil strife and war, of which $9,000,000 is for such programs and activities in the
PROPOSALS: "The Committee is aware of proposals from the following organizations, which shall be considered in full and open competition, and in accordance with all applicable rules and regulations: [list includes - Arava Institute for Environmental Studies- To support reconciliation between parties in the Middle East through programs focused on solving regional environmental problems. Shaare Zedek- To fund research on breast and ovarian cancer among women in the
nonproliferation, anti-terrorism, demining and related programs
Bill text: "... funds appropriated under this heading may be made available for the International Atomic Energy Agency unless the Secretary of State determines that
INTERNATIONAL NARCOTICS CONTROL
Report language: The funding table included in the report lays out Committee recommendations for INCLE funding in the
West Bank/Gaza: $100 million (same as request)
The report notes that: "The Committee recommends $100,000,000 to continue training and equipping (non-lethal) of the National Security Forces associated with the Palestinian Authority."
Bill text: "...That of the funds appropriated under this heading, $25,000,000 shall be made available for refugees resettling in Israel: Provided further, That none of the funds made available pursuant to the previous proviso may be made available for assistance for any refugee who resides in any Israeli settlement or outpost in the West Bank."
Report language: Migrants to
MILLENNIUM CHALLENGE CORPORATION
Report language: The Committee expects the
TITLE IV - INTERNATIONAL SECURITY ASSISTANCE
Report language: MFO- The Committee recommends $26,000,000 for a
FOREIGN MILITARY FINANCING PROGRAM
Report language: "The Committee notes that of the $1,225,000,000 in FMF assistance provided in Public Law 111-32 for programs and activities requested for fiscal year 2010, $555,000,000 is for assistance for
Other Report language on FMF
Human Rights Vetting: "The Committee supports the Department of State's efforts to monitor the use of U.S. military training and equipment provided to foreign security forces, but is concerned that the vetting process is uneven among U.S. Embassies and falls short in some countries where the military or police have a history of human rights violations. The Committee also notes that the budget request includes FMF assistance for eight countries in
Sec. 7007: Prohibition Against Direct Funding for Certain Countries (Bill text)
Perennial bill language banning aid to
Sec. 7013: Prohibition on Taxation of
Perennial provision barring taxation of
Sec. 7034 special authorities (Bill text)
(k) Democracy Promotion- (4) With respect to the provision of assistance for democracy, human rights and governance activities in this Act, the organizations implementing such assistance and the specific nature of that assistance shall not be subject to the prior approval by the government of any foreign country. [Aimed mainly at
(m) Partner Vetting- No further action to finalize or implement a Partner Vetting System (PVS) shall be taken by the Secretary of State or the Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) until a new USAID Administrator has been confirmed and has undertaken a comprehensive review of the scope, methodology and effect of PVS, including consultation with affected organizations, the Committees on Appropriations and Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committees on Appropriations and Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives. [Possible linkage to West Bank/Gaza program, given intense focus on vetting with respect to that aid]
Sec. 7035 NEAR EAST
(Note: in the House version the details included in this section are spread throughout the bill text, under the relevant Title/subject heading)
Bill text, FMF: "Of the funds appropriated by this Act under the heading `Foreign Military Financing Program', not less than $19,000,000 shall be made available for assistance for
Bill text, FMF: "Of the funds appropriated by this Act under the heading `Foreign Military Financing Program', not less than $1,040,000,000 shall be made available for grants only for Egypt, including for border security programs and activities in the Sinai: Provided, That the funds appropriated under this heading estimated to be outlayed for Egypt during fiscal year 2010 shall be transferred to an interest bearing account for Egypt in the Federal Reserve Bank of New York within 30 days of enactment of this Act."
Bill text, Additional Funds: "Of the funds appropriated by this Act and prior Acts making appropriations for the Department of State, foreign operations and related programs, up to $200,000,000 may be made available for an endowment to further the shared interests of the United States and Egypt: Provided, That the Secretary of State shall consult with the Committees on Appropriations on the establishment of such an endowment."
Report language: "The Committee recommends $1,295,200,000 for assistance for Egypt, which, when combined with funding appropriated in Public Law 111-32 to meet fiscal year 2010 requirements, equals the budget request. An additional $50,000,000 was also included in Public Law 111-32 under the
Bill text, Terms and Conditions: "The terms and conditions of section 1106(a) and (b) of Public Law 111-32 shall apply to assistance for
Bill text, FMF: "Funds appropriated by this Act under the heading `Foreign Military Financing Program' may be made available for countries in the Middle East region, in addition to amounts otherwise made available, to address urgent border security requirements arising from instability in Iraq if the Secretary certifies to the Committees on Appropriations that it is important to the national security of the United States to do so, and subject to the regular notification procedures of the Committees on Appropriations."
Report language: "The Committee recommends $459,300,000 for assistance for
Bill text, FMF: "Of the funds appropriated by this Act under the heading `Foreign Military Financing Program', not less than $2,220,000,000 shall be available for grants only for Israel and shall be disbursed within 30 days of the enactment of this Act: Provided, That to the extent that the Government of Israel requests that funds be used for such purposes, grants made available for Israel by this paragraph shall, as agreed by the United States and Israel, be available for advanced weapons systems, of which not less than $583,860,000 shall be available for the procurement in Israel of defense articles and defense services, including research and development."
Report language: "The Committee recommends $2,220,000,000 for assistance for
Bill text, FMF: "Of the funds appropriated by this Act under the heading `Foreign Military Financing Program', not less than $150,000,000 shall be made available for assistance for
Report language: "The Committee recommends $542,950,000 for assistance for Jordan, a key
Bill text, FMF: "Of the funds appropriated by this Act under the heading `Foreign Military Financing Program', not less than $100,000,000 shall be made available for assistance for
Bill text: "Funds appropriated by this Act should be made available in a manner to further peace in the
(h) Near East Regional Democracy
Bill text: "Of the funds appropriated by this Act that are made available for Near East Regional Democracy, not less than $30,000,000 shall be made available to expand access to information and communications through the Internet, and shall be used for scalable, field tested programs that provide unmonitored and uncensored access to the Internet, including access to real time, inter-active modes of communication, for large numbers of users living in closed societies that have acutely hostile Internet environments."
Bill text, INCLE: "Of the funds appropriated by this Act under the heading `International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement', not less than $100,000,000 shall be made available for the
Bill text, Terms and Conditions: "The terms and conditions of sections 7035, 7036, 7037, 7038, 7039, and 7040 of Public Law 111-8, and section 1107 of Public Law 111-32, shall apply to assistance appropriated by this Act."
Report language: "The Committee recommends $40,000,000 under the
Sec. 7065: reconciliation programs (bill text)
Stipulates that $25 million in funds from DA and
Sec. 7073: independent states of the former soviet union (bill text)
This provision directs that a portion of
Sec. 7084: commercial leasing of defense articles (bill text)
Perennial provision permits financing to be provided to Israel, Egypt and NATO and major non-NATO allies for the procurement by leasing (including leasing with an option to purchase) of defense articles from United States commercial suppliers, if the President determines that there are compelling foreign policy or national security reasons for those defense articles being provided by commercial lease rather than by government-to-government sale.